Facts about FGM tell the readers about female genital mutilation. This ritual of female circumcision takes place in Middle East, Asia and Africa. It occurs by removing or cutting parts of all external genitalia of females. The procedures were spotted in thirty countries according to an estimation reported by UNICEF in 2016. At that time, the number of women who faced FGM was around 200 million. Most of them occurred in Africa. Other cases took place in Yemen, Iraqi Kurdistan and Indonesia. Let us get other useful facts about FGM below:
Facts about FGM 1: who performs FGM?
The traditional circumciser is the person who will perform FGM to the females. The blade is the primary tool.
Facts about FGM 2: the age of females
The females whose external genital removed are mostly less than five years old.
Facts about FGM 3: the procedures
The procedures of FGM are different from one culture to another culture in the world. The female may undergo removal on the closure of vulva, removal of outer and inner labia, and removal of inner labia, removal of clitoral glands and removal of clitoral hood.
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Facts about FGM 4: infibulations
Infibulations is a FGM procedure where a small hole is left for the menstrual fluid and urine. The vagina is opened for childbirth and sexual intercourse.
Facts about FGM 5: the root of FGM
Gender inequality is considered as the root of FGM. The ethnic culture tried to introduce the beauty, modesty and purity through FGM in attempt to control their sexuality.
Facts about FGM 6: social exclusion
FGM was seen as an honor for the women who had FGM. They would be excluded from the ethnic society if they did not have FGM.
Facts about FGM 7: the negative health effect
The negative health effects occur because of FGM. No health benefit is spotted on FGM. The women with FGM may experience cyst development, chronic pain, and difficulty of menstruation, difficulty to urinate, infection, fatal bleeding, and complication in childbirth and an inability for pregnancy.
Facts about FGM 8: an outlaw procedure
The procedure of FGM has been outlawed by the officials in many countries in the world. The health practitioners were encouraged by the UN to abandon the procedure.
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Facts about FGM 9: the enforcement
Even though FGM is outlaw, the enforcement about it is weak.
Facts about FGM 10: the tools
The tools used for FGM are not sterile. The cutter will use fingernails, sharpened rocks, glass, scissors, knives, blades or razors.
What do you think on facts about FGM?