If you like to study about history, check Facts about the First Fleet. The term First Fleet was used to call 11 ships, which tried to find out the penal colony in Australia. On 13 May 1787, the First Fleet sailed to reach the new land. That is the first settlement of European people in Australia. The six convict transports, three store ships, and two Royal Navy vessels were included in the First Fleet. Get other interesting facts about the First Fleet below:
Facts about the First Fleet 1: the number of people
The number of people in the First Fleet was reported in different versions in some accounts. Some of them believe that the First Fleet had around 1,000 to 1,500 convicts, free people, civil officers, seamen and marines.
Facts about the First Fleet 2: the voyage
The voyage from England to Australia took around 250 to 252 days to complete. Between 18 and 20 January 1788, they landed on Australia.
Facts about the First Fleet 3: convicts
Convicts were not accepted in United States again after the American War of Independence was over in 1783. The Thirteen Colonies in North America were originally used to transport convicts.
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Facts about the First Fleet 4: an order for a penal colony
James Cook was an explorer who claimed the land of New South Wales for Britain during his first voyage in 1770 in Pacific. The establishment of a penal colony was made official after Orders in Council were issued on December 6, 1785.
Facts about the First Fleet 5: the commander
Commodore Arthur Phillip was the commander of the First Fleet. He also had authorization for using the land in the colony as well as establishing regulations.
Facts about the First Fleet 6: arriving in Australia
Between 18 and 20 January 1788, First Fleet landed on Botany Bay, Australia. On January 18, HMS Supply landed first. It was followed by Friendship, Scarborough and Alexander on the following day. On 20th January, the remaining ships arrived on Australia.
Facts about the First Fleet 7: the cost
It cost £84,000 for dispatching and outfitting the First Fleet. In 2015, the cost equaled with £9.6 million.
Facts about the First Fleet 8: food and supplies
The First Fleet contained food and supplies like handcuffs, agricultural equipments, crockery, ropes, tools, spirits, seeds, leg irons, surgical instruments and bandages.
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Facts about the First Fleet 9: the first government house
The first government house in the colony was supported by the prefabricated wooden frame taken from England.
Facts about the First Fleet 10: Museum of Sydney
Museum of Sydney features the scale models of all ships in the First Fleet.
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