10 Facts about Ferns

Facts about Ferns make us discuss a type of vascular plant.  It does not have any flowers or seeds. The reproduction process occurs via spores. If you think that mosses and ferns are similar, you are wrong. Both are different. You will spot leaves on ferns just like other vascular plants. The unique feature of ferns is the presence of fiddleheads. The extant species of ferns reaches 10,560 species. Let us find out other interesting facts about ferns below:

Facts about Ferns 1: the first known fossil record

The first known fossil record of ferns was dated in the late Devonian period around 360 million years ago.

facts about Ferns

facts about Ferns

Facts about Ferns 2: the recent species of ferns

The recent species of ferns were originated in the early Cretaceous around 145 million years ago. At that time, the environment was heavily dominated by flowering plants.

Facts about Ferns 3: Osmunda claytoniana

The evolutionary statis of fern is spotted on Osmunda claytoniana. This species has been used as the primary example, which explains the evolution of ferns.

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Fern

Fern

Facts about Ferns 4: the importance of ferns

If you think that ferns are not important for the life of human being and other living organisms, you are wrong. They are beneficial for restoring the contaminated soil. Moreover, people can use it as an ornamental plants, medicine and foods.

Facts about Ferns 5: research

Many scientists are interested to create a research about ferns due to the ability of the plants for eliminating the chemical pollutants from the earth’s atmosphere.

Facts about Ferns 6: culture

Do you know that art and mythology had been affected by ferns?

Facts about Ferns 7: parts of ferns

The primary parts of ferns include roots, leaves and stems. The parts are similar with the ones found in sporophytes. The leaves of ferns are available in two types. Both are a sporophyll and a trophophyll. During the photosynthetic process, sugars are produced by the trophophyll frond.  On the other hand, spores for reproduction are produced by sporophyll.

Ferns

Ferns

Facts about Ferns 8: the height

A few species of ferns have the height of 66 feet or 20 metres. The examples include Cyathea medullaris in New Zealand and Cyathea brownii in Norfolk Island.

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Facts about Ferns 9: the size of leaves

The sterile leaves usually have larger shape compared to the fertile leaves in a number of fern groups.

Ferns Pic

Ferns Pic

Facts about Ferns 10: absorption

The whole structure of roots will absorb the mineral salts and water.

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